The State Duma of the Russian Federation was concerned about the failure of the state task of switching to closed hot water systems and stated the urgent need to improve the quality of hot water. In the near future, the parliament will send a recommendation to the relevant departments (the Ministry of Construction and the Ministry of Energy), as well as to the subjects of the Russian Federation, to develop a targeted state program for financing the transfer of houses from open to closed DHW systems.
The law on the transition to closed hot water systems by 2022 was adopted in 2011, but since then the share of housing stock with closed systems has increased by only 10%, mainly due to the connection of new facilities. According to representatives of the State Duma Committee on Energy, the task was a failure: industry ministries indicate that the regions are not ready to switch to a closed system, primarily due to the lack of funds and solid grounds for the transition.
At a round table held last week with the participation of experts and representatives of the heat supply industry, Deputy Chairman of the Committee Sergey Esyakov noted that the closure of hot water systems in the country requires large costs with a very long payback period: so for the transfer of only one house to a closed DHW system, it may take from 6 to 12 million rubles. At the same time, according to the materials of the Committee, at least 60% of the housing stock needs to be re-equipped. As a result, for example, a complete re-equipment of St. Petersburg can cost 100 billion rubles, Yekaterinburg — 28 billion, Irkutsk — 10.4 billion. These amounts do not take into account the costs of performing related work in related industries, which may double the above amounts. The total cost of work across the country may exceed 2 trillion rubles.